VERBES IRREGULIERS


1- Verbes à une forme :
burst burst burt éclater
cast cast cast jeter, fondre (acier)
cost cost cost coûter
cut cut cut couper
hit hit hit frapper
hurt hurt hurt faire mal, blesser
knit knit knit tricoter
let let let laisser (+ verbe)
put put put poser, mettre
read read [e] read [e] lire
rid rid rid débarrasser (de)
set set set placer
shed shed shed verser (larmes, sang)
shut shut shut fermer
slit slit slit fendre
split split split fendre
spread spread spread étaler, étendre, s'étendre
sweat sweat sweat suer
thrust thrust thrust lancer
upset upset upset retourner, bouleverser
wet wet wet mouiller
2- Verbes à deux formes :
beat beat beaten battre
become became become devenir
behold beheld beheld contempler
bend bent bent courber
beseech besought besought supplier
bid bid/bade bid/bidden ordonner
bind bound bound relier, lier
bleed bled bled saigner
breed bred bred élever (un animal, etc.)
bring brought brought amener, apporter
build built built construire
burn burnt burnt brûler
buy bought bought acheter
catch caught caught attraper
cleave cleft cleft fendre
cling clung clung s'accrocher
come came come venir
creep crept crept ramper
deal dealt dealt distribuer, traiter (de)
dwell dwelt dwelt demeurer, loger
dig dug ug creuser
feed fed fed nourrir
feel felt felt sentir, se sentir, ressentir
fight fought fought combattre, se battre
find found found trouver
flee fled fled fuir
fling flung flung lancer
get got got obtenir, devenir, etc.
grind ground ground moudre
hang hung hung pendre, suspendre, accrocher
have had had avoir
hear heard heard entendre
hold held held tenir, contenir
keep kept kept retenir, garder, conserver
kneel knelt knelt s'agenouiller
lay laid laid poser
lead led led guider, mener, diriger
lean leant leant se pencher (aussi régulier)
leap leapt leapt bondir
learn learnt learnt apprendre
leave left left laisser, quitter, partir
lend lent lent prêter
light lit lit allumer, éclairer
lose lost lost perdre
make made made faire, fabriquer
mean meant meant signifier, vouloir dire
meet met met (se) rencontrer (retrouver)
pay paid paid payer
rend rent rent déchirer (vêtement)
run ran run courir
say said said dire
seek sought sought chercher, rechercher
sell sold sold vendre
send sent sent envoyer
shine shone shone briller
shoe shod shod chausser
shoot shot shot tirer (arme à feu)
sit sat sat s'asseoir
sleep slept slept dormir
slide slid slid glisser (volontairement)
sling slung slung lancer
slink slunk slunk se glisser
smell smelt smelt sentir
speed ped sped se hâter
spell spelt spelt épeler
spend spent spent dépenser, passer (du temps)
spill spilt spilt répandre, renverser (liquide)
spoil spoilt spoilt gâter, gâcher
stand stood stood être debout, se dresser
stik stuk stck cller
sting stung stng piuer (insecte)
strike struck struck frapper (moral : pp = stricken)
string strung strung enfiler (perles)
sweep swept swept balayer
swing swung swung (se) balancer
teach taught taught enseigner, apprendre à qq'un
tell told told dire, raconter
think thought thought penser, réfléchir
understand understood understood comprendre
weep wept wept pleurer
win won won gagner
wind wound wound enrouler, remonter (réveil)
withstand withstood withstood résister
wring wrung wrung tordre
3 - Verbes à trois formes :
arise arose arisen se lever
awake awoke awaken s'éveiller
be was/were been être
bear bore born porter, supporter
beget begot begotten engendrer
begin began begun commencer
bite bit bitten mordre
blow blew blown souffler
break broke broken casser, briser
chide chid chidden gronder
choose chose chosen choisir
do did one faire
draw drew drawn tirer, tracer, attirer
drink drank drunk boire
drive drove driven conduire, rouler (en voiture)
eat ate eaten manger
fall fell fallen tomber
fly flew flown voler (voyager en avion)
forbear forbore forborne s'abstenir
forbid forbade forbidden défendre
forget forgot forgotten oublier
forgive forgave forgiven pardonner
forsake forsook forsaken abandonner
freeze froze frozen geler, congeler, surgeler
give gave given donner
go went gone aller
grow grew grown pousser, grandir
hide hid hidden (se) cacher
know knew known savoir
lade laded laen charger (p. passé seul usité)
lie lay lain être étendu, reposer
mistake mistook mistaken se tromper, confondre
mow mowed mown tondre
ride rode ridden chevaucher, conduire (2 roues)
ring rang rung sonner, appeler au téléphone
rise rose risen se lever, monter, s'élever
saw sawed sawn scier
see saw seen voir
shake shook shaken secouer, serrer (la main)
sing sang sung chanter
shear shore shorn tondre
show showed shown montrer
shrink srank srunk se rétrécir
slay slew slain tuer
smite smote smitten frapper
sow sowed sown semer
speak spoke spoken parler
spring sprang sprung s'élancer, surgir
steal stole stolen voler (qq-chose)
stink stank stunk puer
strew strewed strewn joncher
stride strode stridden marcher à grands pas
strive strove striven s'efforcer
swear swore sworn jurer
swell swelled swollen efler
swim swam swum nager
take took taken prendre
tear tore torn déchirer
thrive throve thriven prospérer
throw threw thrown jeter, lancer
tread trod trodden fuler (au pied)
wear wore worn porter (vêtement), user (+out)
weave wove woven tisser
withdraw withdrew withdrawn retirer
write wrote written écrire